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Version: 8.1

Modbus Address Mapping

Inductive University

About Modbus Address Mapping

Watch the video

Because it can be tedious to manually enter OPC Tag information one-by-one, the driver offers an address mapping feature. This feature allows entering blocks of common addresses and the driver will create the individual addresses and display them in the Connected Devices window.

Another benefit of address mapping is that the addresses inside a device can have a different numbering scheme than the Modbus address. The Direct Automation DL240 is a perfect example of this. Address V2000, capable of holding a 16 bit integer, is Modbus Holding Register 1024. In addition, the DL240 addressing is in octal meaning there are no 8 or 9s. The sequence of addresses are: V2000, V2001, V2002, V2003, V2004, V2005, V2006, V2007, V2010, V2011.... V3777.

Address Mapping Properties

NameDescription
PrefixA prefix applied to each mapped address as they appear in the Connected Devices window. Must compose of letters, numbers, and underscore characters. The following values are reserved, and may not be used:
  • HR
  • IR
  • C
  • DI
Start and EndNumerical values will be assigned to each mapped addresses. These properties determine the range of the numerical assignments. Follows the Prefix. The difference between these two values determines how many mapped addresses will be created.
StepWhen enabled, adjacent addresses will be combined. This is commonly used to combine two words (16-bit addresses) into a double word (32-bit addresses). Please see the Floating Point or 32-bit Address Mapping for more details.
RadixThe base number of unique digits for modbus addresses. Determines what format addresses in the device are incremented and labeled (HR0, HR1,...HR9, HR10, HR11). Common values are 10 (decimal system) or 16 (hexadecimal).
Unit IDThe Unit Id for the device to use. When several Modbus devices are connected to a single IP address, the step determines which device the mapping should be applied against. A value of 0 means the first device, and should be used when only a single Modbus device is connected. See Address Mapping Multiple Devices for more details.
Modbus TypeThe table each mapped address should run against, as well as the type and size of each address.
Modbus AddressThe address in the device that mapping will begin at. Since the Modbus Type property denotes which table the address will run against, the value here does not need to start with the entity number.
Thus, when attempting to start a mapping at the 100th Holding Register, the value on this property would be 100 (assuming one-based addressing), not 40100; the Modbus Type property determines what the leading number is.

Simple Mapping Demonstration

Temperature readings are being stored in 10 16-bit addresses: 40,010 - 40,019. There is a single Modbus device at the IP address (unit ID 0), and the addresses are decimal. The mapped addresses should appear in the Connected Devices window as "Temp1", "Temp2", and so-on. The following configuration would be used:

  • Prefix: Temp
  • Start: 1
  • End: 10
  • Step: False
  • Unit ID: 0
  • Modbus Type: Holding Register (Int16)
  • Modbus Address: 10
note

Address 40,010 (HR10) uses Modbus Address 10 as a starting point and not 40,010. The leading 4 is automatically entered for you when you select Holding Register from the dropdown. The same is true for all other types of Tags: Inputs are 30,000, Discrete are 10,000, etc.

Simple Mapping Demonstration

The above configuration results in the items Temp1 through Temp10 appearing in the Connected Devices window.

note

We are using Unit ID 0 in the demonstration above, but your Unit ID can vary depending on the Modbus device you are using.

Specify the Address Mapping

  1. Go to the Config section of the Gateway Webpage.

  2. Scroll down to OPC UA > Device Connection.

  3. Click on the More button and select Addresses to the right of your Modbus device.

    Specify Address Mapping Step 3

  4. Click on Add Row.

    Specify Address Mapping Step 4

  5. Enter the mapping as follows:

    • Prefix: V
    • Start: 2000
    • End: 3777
    • Modbus Type: Holding Register (Int16)
    • Modbus Address: 1024
    • Radix: 8 (8 causes the address to be in octal, also known as base 8)

    Specify Address Mapping Step 5

    These settings map the Modbus address range V2000 to V3777 in octal to Modbus Holding Register addresses 1024 to 2048.

    note

    The mappings for string data types cannot be entered. Strings can only be read or written using Modbus Specific Addressing.

  6. Click Save.

  7. Go to the Connected Devices window in Designer or the OPC Connections > Quick Client (on Gateway), and open the Modbus folder. You can now see all the Modbus addresses from V2000 to V3777 in octal.

    Specify Address Mapping Step 7

Here is an example of mapping for all of the Modbus DL240 addressing.

PrefixStartEndUnit IDModbus TypeModbus Address
V200037770Holding Register (Int16)1024
X20004770Discrete Input2028
Y04770Coil2048
TAO01270Input Register (BCD16)0

Specify Address Mapping Example

Address Mapping Multiple Devices

It is not recommended to communicate to multiple Modbus devices through a Modbus Gateway where Gateway has the same address. Therefore, do not add multiple Modbus devices with the same IP address.

Only add one Modbus device to the Ignition OPC UA Server device list for Gateway and specify the different unit IDs in the address mapping. The unit ID is specified for each entry in the address mapping for the Modbus device. Notice in the example below, the Prefix, Start, End, Modbus Type and Modbus Address can be the same for two entries provided that the Unit IDs are different.

PrefixStartEndUnit IDModbus TypeModbus Address
V200037770Holding Register (Int16)1024
V200037771Holding Register (Int16)2024

Address Mapping Multiple Devices

Now when browsing the Modbus device, the unit ID will show as a folder and the OPC Tag path includes the unit ID. This only happens when more than one unit ID is specified in the address mapping otherwise the unit ID is eliminated.

Floating Point or 32-bit Address Mapping

Modbus only supports reading and writing to memory types of bits and 16-bit words. This is not very useful when reading from or writing to float point or 32-bit integers.

To work around this problem, the Modbus driver is designed to read two consecutive 16-bit words and encode it into the desired data type.

Mapping Float Point Addresses

The Modbus address mapping below shows how to map float point addresses starting at 1024 and ending at 1030. With the box in the Step column checked, the addresses on the Ignition side will index by 2. In this case, R1024, R1026, R1028 and R1030 will be created.

Because Modbus Type of Holding Register (Float) is selected, the driver will read two consecutive 16-bit words and convert it to a floating point value. It also indexes the Modbus Address by 2 for each entry. In this case, R1024 reads from Modbus addresses 1024 and 1025 and converts them into a floating point value. When writing, the reverse of converting a floating point value into two 16-bits words is done before sending them to the device.

Mapping Float Point Addresses Holding Register

The following shows what is displayed in the Connected Devices window. Notice that the numbering is indexed by two and that it matches the Modbus address. With some devices, this allows the addresses displaying in the Connected Devices window to match the addresses in the device.

Example

OPC Browser
  • Ignition OPC UA Server
    • Devices
      • [modbus rtu]
        • R1024-R1030
          • R1024
          • R1026
          • R1028
          • R1030

Mapping Float Point Address Connected Devices

Import/Export Address Mapping

The mapping configuration can be exported to a comma separated values (CSV) file. The CSV file can later be imported in other Ignition installations or similar devices.You can find a few examples of CSV files on our website. To see the examples, go to:

https://inductiveautomation.com/downloads/extra-material

Scroll down to Modbus Templates and double-click on the template files to see an example of the CSV file.